Paul DeAntonio - Westminster CA
Kenneth G. Mayhan - Irvine CA
John T. Sorensen - Costa Mesa CA
Baxter International Inc. - Deerfield IL
Disclosed is a method for dissolving cholesterol-rich calculi, most preferably gallstones in vivo, comprising contacting the calculus with a fluid compound of the formula R-X, R having 2 to 4 carbon atoms with substituents consisting of hydrogen of halogen, X being halogen, and wherein if X is fluorine, at least one substituent is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, chlorine, bromine, or iodine. Usually R-X is 2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (also referred to as Halothane. ) Other compounds of particular interest are 2-chloro-1,2,-dibromo-1,1,2-trifluoroethane, 1-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,2-trifluoroethane, 2,3-dibromo-1,1,1-trifluoropropane, 2-iodo-1,1,1-trifluoroethane, 1,2-dichloro-1,1-difluoroethane, 1,1,2-trichloro-2,3,3-trifluorocyclobutane, hexafluoro-1,1,3,4,-tetrachlorobutane, 1,1,1-trichlorotrifluoroethane, and 1,2-dibromo-tetrafluoroethane. Furthermore, Halothane and MtBE in combination effectively dissolve cholesterol-rich calculi.
Finally, dissolution can be enhanced by adding to the dissolution solvent up to about 50 percent by volume of a lower alcohol.