Shuichi Takayama - Ann Arbor MI, US
Xiaoyue Zhu - Ann Arbor MI, US
Joong Bahng - Ann Arbor MI, US
Elizabeth Liu - Ann Arbor MI, US
Jeongsup Shim - Ann Arbor MI, US
Nanopatterned devices are easily fabricated, over large surface areas when desired, by forming a multilayer article of deformable substrate, brittle layer, and coating layer, and deforming the multilayer film such that a plurality of cracks are formed therein. The cracks have different physicochemical properties than the non-cracked coating layer, and advantageously serve as attachment points for culturing microorganisms.